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What is bamboo wood? Are pressed bamboo wood products good?

Bamboo wood (Panel Bamboo) is a type of industrial wood board formed by pressing bamboo or bamboo fibers into a unified block. They are the material that makes many products such as: floorboards, wall panels, furniture products and home appliances. Kosmos will share with you the ways to make quality pressed bamboo panels and analyze the advantages and disadvantages of this material.

1

How many types of bamboo wood are there?

There are two main types of this material:

  • Block pressed bamboo sheet (bamboo fiber pressing).
  • Bamboo sheets pressed bamboo (press bamboo).

There is another type formed under the combination of many different pressed bamboo panels called bamboo grafted bar (bamboo composite).

Bamboo laminated wood

This type of product is formed by compressing thin layers of bamboo slats together.

First, the bamboo wood factory must collect quality bamboo sticks to the factory (bamboo is grown for about 4-5 years). After that, the bars are transferred to the cutting machine to cut into small spokes.

The stage of collecting bamboo slats
The stage of collecting bamboo slats

Next, the bamboo slats are removed from the green shell and the soft intestine, leaving only the sturdy body. In order for the bamboo slats to be even and straight, the factory needs to perform an extra step of pressing and stretching.

Straighten bamboo slats with a rolling mill
Straighten bamboo slats with a rolling mill

Next, the steaming stage is considered the most important stage in the production of pressed bamboo panels. Because bamboo also contains cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, ... substances found in wood should be listed as the favorite foods of termites.

To be able to use bamboo products safely, we must remove substances such as sugar and starch in bamboo. We remove the above substances by boiling bamboo bamboo with hydrogen peroxide or steaming carbon. In addition, this process also contributes to the color of the product.

  • Boiling with hydrogen peroxide will retain the natural bright yellow-brown color of bamboo.
  • Steaming Carbon will change the color of the bamboo spokes to a honey-brown color.

During processing, the manufacturer may add some insect/termite repellent compounds.

Boil or steam bamboo slats to change color and remove substances that attract termites
Boil or steam bamboo slats to change color and remove substances that attract termites

After the boiling/steaming process, the moisture content of bamboo will exceed the threshold 80%, reaches the saturation state. Therefore, we will control the humidity for bamboo at a level 5 - 9%. Bamboo needs to be completely dried before processing to ensure the quality of the product.

Dry bamboo slats and control humidity
Dry bamboo slats and control humidity

The manufacturer will cut the bamboo slats into thin bamboo strips and then sort them by color. Select the most evenly colored bamboo strips to apply glue (safety adhesive) and press them together to form a complete laminated bamboo wood plank.

Cover with glue and press the bamboo slats of the same color into sheets.
Cover with glue and press the bamboo slats of the same color into sheets.

In the next step, the large bamboo wood panels will be cut into standard sizes such as: 2440cm x 1220cm, 2240cm x 300cm, 122cm x 300cm. The thickness of the plate also ranges from 8 mm come 40 mm for us to be able to apply in many categories.

Cut bamboo boards according to specifications.
Cut bamboo boards according to specifications.

Finally, the bamboo wood factory conducts sanding the surface of the board. We can add a layer of color paint to make the product more beautiful after sanding.

In accordance with the standard process, the factory always checks the output quality of the product before shipping, so you can feel secure when using it.

A similar example is Egger laminate flooring, each floor plank before being shipped is thoroughly tested and sealed.Quality Made by Egg"behind the plank.

The arrangement of bamboo slats before pressing directly affects the beauty of bamboo wood panels.

Horizontal pressed bamboo

This is a plank that clearly shows the shape of the bamboo spokes on the surface, highlighting the natural beauty of the bamboo. To get this product, the manufacturer had to arrange the thin bamboo strips horizontally, next to each other. In order to create the desired thickness, the manufacturer can arrange bamboo spokes into several layers.

The surface of the bamboo slats is pressed horizontally.
The surface of the bamboo slats is pressed horizontally.

Tilted pressed bamboo

Instead of arranging the bamboo strips horizontally, the craftsman arranges them vertically to produce inclined bamboo panels. The bamboo grain on the surface of the sheet is thinner, bringing an elegant and equally unique beauty.

The surface of the bamboo slats is tilted.
The surface of the bamboo slats is tilted.

Block pressed bamboo wood

This type of product also undergoes basic preliminary processing such as: collecting bamboo slats, straightening, boiling/steaming, drying like bamboo pressed bamboo. The difference is that the bamboo slats are not thinly planed but will be smash into yarn then pressed into blocks with glue. The international name of this product is Pressed Bamboo Blocks (PBB) or Strand Woven Bamboo (SWB).

Bamboo pressed block - application of cold pressing technology

Applying cold pressing technology, we will have indoor block pressed bamboo panels with outstanding rigidity (much harder than bamboo pressed spokes). Although the bamboo burning is no longer visible, the product still exudes a distinct beauty. In addition to the characteristic yellow color, this product can also wear many other shades such as brown, gray, walnut, ... by the color paint on the surface.

Indoor block pressed bamboo is produced by cold pressing bamboo fibers.
Indoor block pressed bamboo is produced by cold pressing bamboo fibers.

Bamboo pressed blocks - application of hot pressing technology

Applying hot pressing technology (heat pressing) we will have block pressed bamboo panels that are able to withstand harsh outdoor conditions. It is expected that this will be a line of exterior decoration materials that will make a splash in the near future. At a glance, people will easily mistake this product for "plastic wood- Today's leading outdoor material.

Outdoor bamboo wood is a product formed by hot pressing bamboo fibers.
Outdoor bamboo wood is a product formed by hot pressing bamboo fibers.

Bamboo wood stick

In a nutshell, this is a product made from many different types of bamboo panels such as:

  • Combination of horizontal pressed bamboo panels and inclined pressed bamboo panels.
  • Combination of bamboo laminated panels and block pressed bamboo panels.

There are many types of laminated bamboo on the market, from 2 layers to 3 layers.

Bamboo wood stick.
Bamboo wood stick.
2

Features of products from bamboo wood

Bamboo products, including laminated bamboo panels and block laminated bamboo panels, are an excellent choice for many applications in interior decoration and construction. Below, we will go through each feature of this product and how it is applied in life.

Abundant source of raw materials.

Bamboo is an abundant natural resource, with a short maturation period and rapid regeneration. This ensures that the production of products made from pressed bamboo wood does not have a large impact on the environment, and it contributes to the protection of natural wood resources.

Bamboo is a sustainable source of raw materials.
Bamboo is a sustainable source of raw materials.

Tough - durable - long life.

Because it is produced by pressing bamboo / bamboo fibers under high pressure, bamboo wood is extremely strong and durable. This helps it cope well with the effects of external forces, ensuring a long life and low maintenance requirements.

Besides, the surface of the product is usually coated with scratch-resistant aluminum oxide and UV-resistant coating. Helps them stay colorfast and prevents friction that reduces aesthetics.

Safe for the whole family's health.

Products from pressed bamboo are produced under the presence of a safe adhesive (does not contain formaldehyde). At the same time, they have extremely low VOC (Volatile Organic Compound) emissions. Therefore, it is safe for the health of the whole family.

Bringing rustic beauty – never out of date.

With its unique grain pattern and warm color, the bamboo laminate has a natural and rustic beauty. This product never goes out of fashion in interior decoration and construction. Along with the ability to change the color with paint, they can accommodate a variety of styles.

Products from bamboo wood bring rustic beauty.
Products from bamboo wood bring rustic beauty.

Resistant to attack by insects and termites.

The processes of boiling, steaming, and drying remove the sugars and starches in bamboo, making the material resistant to insect and termite attacks. The glue in the wood core and the high compression pressure also contribute significantly to this ability.

Good moisture resistance – not prone to mold or swelling.

Bamboo wood has been moisture controlled before being distributed to the market. Make sure they are not easily moldy or deformed when the humidity in the environment changes. This makes the product suitable even for regions with humid climates. Especially block pressed bamboo wood application of hot pressing technology 100% waterproof, specialized for outdoor space.

Outdoor bamboo wood has good water resistance.
Outdoor bamboo wood has good water resistance.
3

Applying pressed bamboo wood planks in life

Plywood plywood is widely used in modern life. With high durability and aesthetics, it is used as a building material, furniture or even household items.

Building materials

The good moisture resistance of pressed bamboo wood planks is a particular strength in construction. It is widely used for bamboo floor, partitions, ceiling tiles, and even outdoor floors. In addition, this material also brings natural beauty and is a connection with nature for many architectural projects.

Bamboo flooring is very popular in the market.
Bamboo flooring is very popular in the market.

Furniture

Bamboo wood plank is the ideal choice for furniture production. With its excellent bearing capacity and durability superior to many other materials, it is used to make beds, cabinets, TV stands, tables, chairs, and even kitchen cabinets. The safety for user health and environmental friendliness make it the first choice in the interior design industry.

The table top is made of pressed bamboo wood.
The table top is made of pressed bamboo wood.

Household appliances – environmental protection products

Not only in interior and construction, bamboo wood planks are also created to make everyday household items such as bamboo cups, bamboo cutting boards and many other household products. The flexibility in design and creativity in using this plank not only helps to reduce the waste of resources, but also creates unique and interesting products in everyday life.

Spice box made from pressed bamboo.
Spice box made from pressed bamboo.

In addition to the above applications, bamboo plywood also plays an important role in protecting the environment and promoting creativity in design and construction. Using natural resources like bamboo and creating eco-friendly products is an important part of modern living and sustainable consumption trends.

Hopefully the information that Kosmos provides above can help you better understand bamboo wood materials. We will always update new material trends to provide useful information for you. If you want Kosmos to answer any more questions, you can ask questions right away, comment below or call Hotline (+84) 903 093 221

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