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Plywood: Structure, advantages and disadvantages and outstanding applications

Plywood is a type of industrial wood used to make popular furniture today. Let's find out in detail about the advantages and disadvantages of this type of wood plank!


What is Plywood?

Plywood or the Vietnamese meaning is "plywood board", "plywood". This is the term for wood panels pressed from many thinner natural wood panels (veneer – veneer), of the same size and stacked in multiple layers. The panels are bonded together with special specialized glue.

Plywood Plywood Used very commonly in the design and production of furniture such as tables and chairs, wooden cabinets, floors, beds, ...

Plywood is also known as plywood
Plywood is also known as plywood board, plywood board.

12 steps to produce plywood

B1 Collect logs.


B2 Remove the rough bark of the wood.


B3 Cut the wood into pieces.


B4 Peel the wood into layers (chipboard) by machine.


B5 Cut wood panels to the appropriate size and remove damaged panels.


B6 Dry the veneer.


B7 Repair defects in wood panels.


B8 Apply glue and glue the panels together.


B9 Cold pressing (squeezing the boards with a compressor).


B10 Hot pressing (pressing wooden boards under high pressure).


B11 Trim and sand the plywood sheet.


B12 Testing, quality control output.


What are the characteristics of plywood?

Types plywood boards will generally be made up of thin pieces of wood pressed together rather than pressed from wood chips.

The number of pieces of wood used to press Plywood must be an odd number such as: number 3, 5, 7,… The number of layers of wood will depend on the thickness of the board.

Plywood is made from thin pieces of wood pressed together
Plywood is made from thin pieces of wood (plywood) pressed together.

An odd number of wood layers to form a core layer in the middle of the wood. Leave the two outer layers of wood with the same grain direction. Increase the aesthetics of plywood boards.

In addition, the fringes of the two outermost layers will be arranged perpendicular. This helps to increase the bearing capacity of the board, reducing damage, deformation, warping, cracking, etc.

Construction of plywood panels

In terms of structural characteristics, each piece of plywood is made up of layers of wood with a thickness of about 1mm - 5mm. All layers are of equal thickness and size. In between the layers of wood are specialized glue layers, which are pressed at high temperature. Helps increase stickiness and firmness when finishing the plank.

The thin outer layer of wood (visible to the naked eye) is called front , and backside of plywood. The layer in the center of the board is called core, and the intermediate classes are called cross bands.

The layers of wood that are next to each other will be arranged so that the wood grain is located perpendicular together. This arrangement helps to increase the bearing capacity of the board, reducing damage, deformation, warping, cracking, etc.


Advantages and disadvantages of plywood

Plywood is an interior material that was formed a long time ago and is extremely popular in the market. They are considered reliable materials due to the following outstanding characteristics:


  • Thanks to being made up of natural wood panels, Plywood has the ability to maintain long-term stability, less swelling than industrial woods pressed by the wood crop.
  • Has good resistance to warping, cracking and twisting during long-term use. Undeniably, Plywood wood boards are much harder than other industrial woods because of many layers of structure, advanced pressing technology, special glue.
  • This wood plank has excellent screwing ability during construction.
  • Plywood plywood can be used with many different surface coatings such as Melamine, Laminate, Acrylic, or other paints. They are easy to manufacture and versatile.
  • The surface of Plywood board has a smooth and smooth surface, so the sanding or painting speed is quite fast.
  • Plywood is a type of board that is very safe for human health and environmentally friendly because it does not use plastic and harmful additives in the production process.
Plywood boards are less likely to expand when exposed to water than plywood from wood chips.
Plywood boards are less likely to expand when exposed to water than plywood from wood chips.


  • Has a higher price than other types of industrial wood boards:

It has a higher price than HDF, MDF or MFC laminate. However, the price difference is not as significant as compared to the whole piece of natural wood. We can choose this material in accordance with economic conditions and purposes for the most effective use.

  • The color will not be as diverse as that of other industrial wood boards

Currently, other types of industrial wood planks are designed with many layers. Especially the decorative textured wood grain, these layers of wood grain paper are delicately and beautifully designed. With modern technologies, the texture layers will be uniform and synchronized for the entire project such as laminate flooring.

Plywood retains the traditional features of natural wood on the outside, which is also a unique feature of this material. This does not limit the applicability of this material in life.

Plywood has fewer colors to choose from
Plywood has fewer colors to choose from
  • Water resistance is not good

Because it is formed by thin layers of natural wood, Plywood boards are still at risk of water damage. They become heavier if wet and need extra protection when used in humid areas. Fortunately, on the market there are water-resistant plywood boards - wooden boards pressed with water-resistant glue (phenol-based glue) and thin layers of wood taken from water-resistant trees such as eucalyptus, acacia, etc. information,…


What is the application of plywood panels?

Plywood brings a breath of modern style into interior space and architecture in general. Suitable for common spaces such as living room, office, bedroom, etc. Specifically:

Used as wall and ceiling tiling…

One of the many very popular applications of plywood is for floors, ceiling tiles, partitions, attics, .. because plywood products have high strength and very good stability.

Construction of Plywood flooring for the floor
Construction of Plywood flooring for the floor

Used as home furnishings

Popular furniture from plywood such as beds, wardrobes, table tops, chairs, .. Or other decorative shelves in the house are very delicate and aesthetic. Scientific layouts and shapes make the space more modern and eye-catching.

Being a trend with gentle, gentle colors, plywood gives the space a natural, pleasant and comfortable feeling.

Use Plywood to make beds, shelves, cabinets,...
Use Plywood wood to make beds, shelves, wardrobes, etc.

Thus, our article introduced what plywood is and its advantages and disadvantages. Besides, its applicability in interior construction and life. Hope the knowledge is useful to you! Any questions please contact (+84) 903 093 221

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