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What is veneer? Learn about the properties and applications of wood veneer

Wood veneer has the ability to bring out the beauty of natural wood in a variety of applications and it is often used in interior design and art decoration projects. So come What is that? What are their structures and applications? Let's find out with Kosmos in the article below.

1

What is veneer?

Veneer (also known as veneer) are boards with an ultra-thin thickness, approx 0.3 mm come 0.6 mm and do not exceed 3mm (1/8 inch), they are cut from natural wood trees. Veneer is often used in furniture such as tables and chairs, kitchen cabinets, decorative shelves, etc.

Veneer is a board with extremely thin thickness
Veneer is a board with extremely thin thickness
2

The formation process of veneer wood

To form a complete veneer wood, the production process usually includes the following 7 steps:

  • Step 1: Choose suitable solid wood such as walnut, oak, melaleuca, etc. They must be of good quality and not damaged or infected. Then basic processing such as peeling, soaking to remove resin, and drying.
  • Step 2: Slice the wooden block into thin slices with a thickness of about 0.6mm to 3mm.
Thin slices of wood are sliced ​​from solid wood
Thin slices of wood are sliced ​​from solid wood
  • Step 3: Thin slices of wood are placed in a dryer to remove remaining moisture. Absolutely do not expose to natural sunlight because high temperatures will cause the wooden slices to warp and break easily.
  • Step 4: Apply a layer of glue to the surface of industrial wood core such as MDF, Finger, etc. Then stick the veneer on the surface that has just been coated with glue. The type of glue commonly used in this process is UF. With the main ingredient NH4CL, they will quickly become a solid and hard compound after being annealed and heat bonded.
  • Step 5: Pressing veneer and wood core panels. Normally, people will press these two layers together using a hot press or cold press. This process is performed automatically by machine.
The process of pressing veneer and wood core panels together
The process of pressing veneer and wood core panels together
  • Step 6: After fixing the veneer on the wood core, people will sand and polish to create a flat and smooth product.
  • Step 7: Pack and prepare for shipping and distribution.
3

Popular types of wood veneer today

Below are popular types of veneer wood on the market today:

Peach wood veneer

Peach veneer wood is often rot and termite resistant, creating a durable product. In addition, peach is a hard wood, so it has good resistance and is less susceptible to scratches. This makes them suitable for many interior applications.

Peach veneer wood has eye-catching color and grain
Peach veneer wood has eye-catching color and grain

Walnut wood veneer

This is machine-resistant wood, has the ability to hold nails quite well, retain paint and polish easily. However, walnut veneer dries a bit slowly.

Wood veneer is made from natural walnut wood
Wood veneer is made from natural walnut wood

Ash veneer wood

With its natural beauty and smooth surface, ash veneer wood is often popular in interior products. Ash wood is less susceptible to deformation due to changes in humidity and temperature, helping it maintain the aesthetics of products.

The veneer is made from ash wood
The veneer is made from ash wood

Oak veneer wood

There are two common types: white oak and red oak. Oak veneer is easy to cut and shape, helping to create sophisticated interior designs. In addition, this type of wood also contains a number of compounds that are waterproof, helping to resist rot and termites better than some other types of wood.

Oak veneer wood
Oak veneer wood
4

Advantages of wood veneer

High aesthetics: Wood veneer offers a wide variety of styles and colors. Veneers can be cut from natural wood in many different colors and grains, helping to create many styles and aesthetics for interior panels and construction materials.

Wood veneer has many outstanding advantages
Wood veneer has many outstanding advantages

Low price: At a lower cost than other natural wood products such as composite wood or solid wood. This helps wood veneer reduce production costs and final product value.

5

Disadvantages of wood veneer

Less durable than natural wood: Because veneer wood is just a thin layer covering another material, it is not as durable as natural wood. Veneers may break, break or swell during use.

Poor water resistance: Wood veneer is a thin and smooth layer cut from natural wood. If it gets wet, it can blister, deform and lose its original beauty. This is one of the major limitations of veneer, especially when used in high humidity areas such as bathrooms or kitchens.

Veneer wood is susceptible to blistering when exposed to moisture
Veneer wood is susceptible to blistering when exposed to moisture
6

Applicability of wood veneer

Wood veneer is commonly used in many areas of life. Let's explore the applications of this material below.

Making furniture surfaces

Wood veneer is often used to make surfaces for interior products such as cabinets, tables, chairs, and beds. Using this type of wood helps furniture to be highly aesthetic thanks to the surface's natural color

The jewelry box is made from highly aesthetic veneer wood
The jewelry box is made from highly aesthetic veneer wood

Flooring application

Wood veneer can be used for flooring, creating a beautiful and natural surface for interiors. Wood veneer floors often have a layer to protect the thin veneer. They have a similar appearance to natural wood but are more affordable.

Wood veneer is used for flooring to help save costs
Wood veneer is used for flooring to help save costs

Outdoor application

Some types of wood veneer are weather-resistant and are used for outdoor projects such as decking for balconies or creating decorative outdoor areas.

Veneer is used for wall cladding
Veneer is used for wall cladding

So Kosmos provided important information about come. Did you find this article useful? Leave a comment below.

Reference source:
  1. https://veneerbmt.com/index.php?/arti-veneer-la-gi-uu-diem-va-tinh-ung-dung-noi-that
  2. https://online.vinhomes.vn/go-veneer
  3. https://dongsuh.vn/blogs/tin-tuc-noi-that/veneer-la-gi

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